Wow, amazing comment, Mark (a blogpost or wikipedia entry, even!) i am learning so much from you, in the way you frame things together and pull info from different places to make a clear argument. The part about protected speech struck me! In Egypt before 2011, people often felt more able to critique government in English and it was allowed even on Ahram weekly (English version of state-run newspaper). Starting 2011, more of “us” (Anglophones) have increasingly started writing our facebook statuses in Arabic (whether colloquial or standard), especially political ones. Wonder if that will achieve one of the factors you mention related to pop culture. No good reason for folks to feel “protected” though, is there?