I like how you’ve framed this discussion and the images of Empowerment. It’s ironic that in order to be empowered, someone has to have the person in power give that to them. I hadn’t thought of that before, but you’re right, that’s not very empowering. Ironic.
I also appreciated your issue of independence and the need for teachers to help the students become independent. What if they don’t want it? Yet, as you state, sometimes it’s the best thing for the student.
Great questions for us to think through.